What is tooth filling?
A tooth filling is a method of treating cavities done by dentists, in your teeth. There are two types of tooth filling methods.
- Permanent Tooth Filling.
- Temporary tooth filling
A filling can restore the damaged tooth to normal function.
Cavities are caused by decaying the tooth because of bad oral hygiene. To treat the cavities, first, we need to remove the decayed part of the tooth and fill the tooth where the decayed portion was removed. A filling can be used to treat the broken or damaged teeth because of accidents, unconscious teeth grinding, and injuries too.
Why you need tooth filling?
Even you brush or floss your teeth, everyday food particles or plaque can remain on your teeth. If the plaque remains for a long time, that gets harder and makes a pocket around the tooth called calculus.
Bacteria can gather around it, and then the tooth starts to decay due to the bacterial toxins. First, enamel begins to dissolve and starts to decay. The decaying part of the tooth is called a cavity. Our teeth should last a lifetime; therefore, we should treat them better.
How do you recognize that you need a tooth filling?
- teeth have discolored surfaces
- dark spots especially in back teeth
- holes where food particles usually stuck
- sensitive to cold water, sweet foods, hot water
- paining when chewing or biting hard foods
- electric sensation while eating
- constant pain where needs medical help
If you have one or more from the above symptoms, it is better to have medical advice sooner. You must undergo a medical checkup because only the dentists can detect whether you need a tooth filling or not. The dentist uses a small concave mirror to check the surface of each tooth. If the dentist observed some unusual appearance in teeth, he could use other unique instruments. X-rays can be used to find out where the cavities are placed. The type of treatment depends on the extent of damage caused due to the cavity of the tooth.
What is the best filling type for you?
Whether there are many types of tooth fillings, not all suits you, you have to consider many facts before choosing the filling type, including allergies, extend of the filling, how severe your damage and the cost.
Composite resins filling is the popular type where the color is the same as the tooth. Composite resins filling is not suitable for large fillings and does not last for a long time either. If you need a natural look, composite resins filling is the best option.
If you want to last your tooth filling forever, the gold filling is recommended. Gold filling is a bit expensive but worth the price.
Silver fillings are inexpensive, but due to the dark color, not suitable for use noticeable places like front teeth. Silver fillings also last a long time.
Porcelain fillings are produced in a lab and can be used to cover any tooth. Porcelain fillings are called inlays or onlays where produced in a lab and can be used to cover any tooth.
Process of tooth filling
Firstly, the dentist needs to numb around your affected tooth using local anesthesia.
Secondly, he needs to remove the decayed part of the tooth by drilling using an air abrasion instrument or using a laser. The device is chosen by the ability and extent of the damage due to the cavity.
Then the dentist needs to check whether the decayed part is removed or not. Before filling, the cavity should be clean until all the bacteria are removed.
If the cavity is close to the root, a special treatment needed to save the root, firstly, a layer made of glass ionomer, composite resin, or another filling type to protect the nerve.
Finally, remove all the excess material and polish the tooth
What is Temporary tooth filling?
A Temporary tooth filling is done before the permanent filling to seal the tooth after removing the decayed part.
A soft material is used to do temporary filling to fill the cavity. Temporary fillings are done when the dentist needs to examine the tooth further or when there is not enough time to do the permanent filling. Once the temporary filling is done, the pain will fade away, and it covers the exposed part of the tooth. it is better to prevent from hard brush strokes or to chew from that tooth until the permanent filling is done
What is permanent tooth filling?
A permanent tooth filling is used to seal the tooth. First, the doctor needs to remove the temporary filling and do the permanent filling. The permanent filling can be done by Composite resins filing, gold filling, silver filling, and Porcelain filling.
Tooth pain after filling,
The tooth filling aims to ease the discomfort of the cavities of the tooth, but pain after tooth filling is not unusual. You might feel a little pain after tooth filling because the filled tooth needs to be repaired after the treatment. Dentists drill your cavity before filling and use many tools to clean it. Therefor a little pain is normal; it might resolve after two or three days. If not, you have to meet your dentist immediately.
Your tooth sensitivity increases after the tooth filling, and you might feel more sensitive to hot, cold foods, and pain when chewing or biting. This type of pain should fade away within a few days. If not, you should contact your dentist immediately.
Some people are allergic to tooth fillings. You should discuss your dentists about your allergies in the first place before filling your tooth. This step prevents you from pain caused by allergies.
In case your doctor unable to remove all the infected parts of the teeth, this causes an infection around the teeth. You can recognize this scenario when your gum is starting to swallow after the tooth filling. The best option is to take the medications just after you notice swell in your gums.
How to control pain after filling
- use gentle brush strokes when brushing teeth
- be considerate when flossing
- use another side of the mouth when chewing and biting
- avoid cold, hot or acidic food until the pain lasts
- use medications approved by your dentist
To prevent cavities, you should follow a good oral care routine daily. Regular dental visits can solve the major problems in your teeth in the early stages of the damage.
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